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December 10, 2019

Right to Privacy in AI era?

Artificial intelligence has spurred exciting innovations in our day to day lives. From autocorrecting our text messages to providing us with employment opportunities, from mediating traffic flows in our country to search engines, it has impacted our lives immensely. AI has the potential to revolutionise societies in positive ways. AI has enormous potential to serve public good, but simultaneously these new scientific tools also bring challenges and threats. Expeditious expansion and promotion of AI and growing reliance on it have led to rising concerns about its prospective negative effects on human rights and dignity. With the arrival of cutting edge web based data mining techniques in recent decades, privacy has turned into a relevant social issue. The fundamental meaning of privacy is having the ability to disconnect oneself, or data about oneself, so as to restrain the impact others can have on our conduct. Privacy has been generally perceived as prerequisite for the exercise of human rights such as the freedom of expressions, the freedom of association, and the freedom of choice. In the information age, privacy depends on our capacity to control how our information is being put away, changed, and traded between different parties.
21st century has turned into the time of Big Data and modern innovation. This all worries everybody as the importance and value of privacy is a subject of enormous discussion. The increasing power of AI is jumbling the lucidity and understanding between privacy which is bringing forth information break and security issues. AI brings to the table the potential to collect and compile gigantic quantity of data from various sources. It is applied in a vast number of situations that influence how individuals’ access and find information online. This data may be of extremely sensitive nature ranging from religious views to sexual orientation and political views. AI systems are used by various online intermediaries to control information that users engage with in opaque and inscrutable ways. People are incapable of comprehending the extent of data their devices and platforms utilize. In this scenario, the likelihood of information being misused is extremely high.
AI applications can be used to track and identify people across different devices. This implies everyone’s personal information is anonymized, with the goal that it can turn out to be a piece of big data. In any case, AI is fit for de-anonymizing this data dependent on readings gathered from other devices which means thin line between personal and non-personal data is revoked and nothing is personal for AI. Artificial Intelligence isn’t just used to assemble data, it can likewise utilize collected data to sort, arrange, assess, and rank people. This is regularly managed without users assent and nobody can challenge the result of such tasks. The social scoring system of China serves as a perfect example of how information can be used. In 2020, all the populace of China will be enrolled in a vast national database that compiles governmental and fiscal data, including minor traffic violations, and distils it into a single number ranking each citizen.
Artificial Intelligence machine learning is increasingly utilizing two distinguishing proof techniques, voice, and facial recognition. Also, both these strategies can possibly compromise anonymity in open space. To comprehend it better, we can take example of law authorization organization who uses facial and voice recognition to discover people without maintaining a legitimate lawful strategy on premise of doubt in this way bypassing what law requires. AI can use machine learning to gather or guess sensitive information from non-sensitive forms of data. For instance, someone’s typing pattern can be used to infer their emotional and mental state such as anxiety, confidence, nervousness, and sadness. Even more, AI can predict a person’s health, ethnic identity, political views, from that collected data such as location data, activity logs, and similar standards.
AI will have a substantial effect on the freedom of expression. AI obviously has the capability of disseminating the data, but AI algorithms can also be manipulated to regulate and limit the access to information and restrain free speech. States may unjustly restrict access to data on the pretext of national security to a stretch that has the potential of curbing freedom of expression.  
Present day inventions like AI have brought various changes in different areas of our lives. The huge amount of data gathered and collected utilizing these tolls helps to address the social ills that previously had no explanation. Like all good things, AI has its cons as well. Data gathered by AI can be utilized against us and pose hazard to our own data. Loss of privacy is only one case of how AI work to our impediment. Notwithstanding, if find out about these innovations and their effect on our life we can obtain approaches to safeguard ourselves from being misused. The advancement, use, research, and improvement of AI must be liable to the base prerequisite of regarding, advancing, and ensuring global human rights measures. Various sorts of AI and various areas of use raise explicit moral and administrative human rights issues. So as to guarantee that they shield people from the dangers presented by AI, existing laws must be surveyed, and if fundamental revised, to address the impacts of new and rising dangers to protection.The interface between Human Rights and AI has exposed us to new perils. A coherent and constructively aligned regime should be developed to tackle the technological power and to shield human rights.





Sanjica is a 4th-year law student at Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow.








Dhiraj Yadav is a 4th year  law student at Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow.



In content picture credit: Onmanorama-Malayala Manorama

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