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SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES AND CYBER CRIME

Introduction 

We are in the period of ‘Information and Technology Explosion’. The electronic media and digital media have completely changed the society of Indian scenario. All types of information reach to our home very easily. This has psychologically changed the mind of people and also changed their behavior and life style. Even though information explosion has not affected all sections of society, but it is the youth and adolescents who are most influenced by the technological. Information and technological Revolution has given impetus to the process of Globalization. Due to technological explosion all types of control are taken on the flow of information are not possible. Newspapers in today’s time are read online and mobile use is expanding. Internet became the heart of the Informational revolution. Youth and adolescents become more diligent to social media consumers. Internet occupies the important position in present day of mass media society and social media seems to be a natural element in leisure. Social Media today serves as a mirror of society and as an instrument of social change .The use of media is now more and more enter in our society. Social relations in today’s time period are lifted from the physical context. This is all because of technological development. In network society, we organize our daily lives around the mass and social media. A new type of collaborative environment has changed the Internet ecosystem with the emergence and popularity of online Social network. The structure of society become dynamics in the 21st century is reflected by Social networks. Cybercrimes can be defined as the unlawful acts where the computer is used either as a tool or a target or both. credit card frauds, bank robbery, illegal downloading, industrial espionage, child pornography, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, creation and/or distribution of viruses, Spam and so on these are the types of cybercrime. Cybercrime is a very broad term that is used to define criminal activity done by computers or computer networks are used as a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic cracking to denial of service attacks.

The Rise Of Online Social Networking Sites

This contemporary period has come to be labeled variously as an information Age, Communication Age and, the present, Cyber or Networking Age says, Keval Kumar J. (1994). According to Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, gives a report, there are more than 300 Social Networking Sites and 1.5 billion members worldwide. At the basic level an online social network is an internet community where individuals interact through profiles that represent themselves to other. Social media is defined as of electronic communication through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content.” It has become most integral part of the world we live in today’, but how did it become so prevalent in a span of thirty years? The birth of social media began with the birth of the World Wide Web, because without that, no one thinks that there would be no possibility for social media. Let’s thanks to the work of Tim Burners-Lee for the World Wide Web which he has created, and gained enormous amounts of popularity in the 70’s and 80’s and provided a platform for the social networking. The purpose of the WWW was for the users to interact with others and with the technology and applied sciences from Burners-Lee and many others; all that were left was created the platforms. The first social media site that resembles the kinds we use today was created in year 1997 and that was called Six Degrees. Computers were becoming more accessible to the average citizen, which meant even more people were able to surf the web. The first ever social media site that resembles those was still in use today was Myspace in 2003. Myspace allowed the users to create personal profiles, add friends, add music to pages, instant message, and much more. 2004 we saw the launch of the biggest social media website. Facebook which was created by Mark Zuckerberg and other students of Harvard University. In 2006, it was made public and revolutionized the social networking industry. Facebook introduced the most unique concept of friending and liking others pictures, posts, or statuses. Facebook almost be defined as the ability to “Like” user’s content, a concept which “broke free from the all bounds of the site and began appearing all over the internet,” according to the Digital Trends. It also enables all users to share others’ content exponentially, cause creating the viral effect we see it today. In 2005, new video sharing social media site “YouTube” was created. Video sharing was the main concept behind the YouTube and it allowed the users to create profiles and upload their own videos. Twitter, was created in 2006, Instagram, was created in 2010 but it was acquired by Facebook in 2012, and Snapchat, was released in 2011, are three bigger and new “hip” social media sites. Social networking sites have allowed us to enter into a new age of technology, allowing us to let our friends and family into our lives with a single click of a button. New ideas are being creating with many more sites popping up all over the internet.

Crimes Related To Women on Social Media

Honey traps, online scams, and fraudsters use social media as their new hunting ground. After phishing and lottery scams, cyber criminals are seem to turning the social media as platforms for duping naive and gullible people. From posing as a businessmen looking for an investment opportunity in the India to laying honey traps, fraudsters are now increasingly targeting people through social media networking sites. police data shows that while the most common cybercrime is still credit/debit card fraud with 1,122 complaints, Facebook-related cases about cheating are third on the list with 181 complaints, next only to the internet fraud with 183 complaints. Email related frauds accounted for 75 cases, and 70 complaints were related to Whats app fraud; the rest were miscellaneous.

Preventative Measures

  • Accept connections and conversations only from known acquaintances and whose identities can be verified to match their profiles.
  • Do not install any third-party applications and do not accept when an application asks for permissions to a profile or its information.
  • Harden privacy and security settings to minimize what can be seen by anyone outside of direct connections.
  • Post only comments, pictures, or videos that would be appropriate for any family, friends, and employers to see.
  • Never post any type of information or images that could be personally identifiable to oneself or any others. 
  • Use your own separate, complex passwords for every social networking site as well as for any other website that requires a login. Never save passwords in any browser or set them for automatically login. If a device will be stolen or infected, the attacker would have complete access on that website or social networking site.
  • Always try to refrain from logging into social networking sites when connected to public wireless networks, such as airports, hotels, or coffee shops. Attackers can watch the traffic on these public networks and can run software that would steals anyone’s usernames, passwords, and other confidential information.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)

Divya Mishra is a first-year law student at Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida.

 

 

Shivam Shukla is a fifth year law student at Llyod College, Greater Noida. 

In Content Picture: Flickr

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kindly note that the views and opinions expressed are of the author and not of the Indian Journal of Law and Public Policy.

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